Heart Diseases

Heart diseases, often known as cardiovascular diseases, are a group of disorders that affect the heart and blood vessels. 

These conditions encompass a broad spectrum, from hypertension and coronary artery disease to heart failure and arrhythmia, among others. Heart disease remains the leading cause of death in the United States alone, claiming more lives annually than any other cause.

Understanding and treating heart diseases is of paramount importance. These conditions pose a significant threat to public health and have profound implications for the quality and length of your life. 

Therefore, promoting awareness, early detection, and effective treatment for these conditions is critical. Through a comprehensive understanding of heart diseases, we can better manage them, ultimately leading to improved patient outcomes. 

At Grand Forks Clinic, we offer comprehensive care and support for a wide range of heart conditions. Our skilled primary care doctors can work with you to treat and manage whatever heart condition you may be facing. 


Hypertension, commonly known as high blood pressure, is a common cardiovascular condition where the force of blood against the artery walls is consistently too high. It often goes unnoticed due to a lack of symptoms but can lead to severe health complications if left untreated. 

Factors like age, obesity, excessive salt, alcohol intake, stress, and genetics can cause hypertension. Though it may not exhibit apparent symptoms, severe hypertension can cause: 

  • Headaches
  • Breathlessness
  • Dizziness
  • Chest pain
  • Visual changes

Grand Forks Clinic offers comprehensive treatment options for hypertension, which include lifestyle modifications, medication therapy, and regular monitoring of blood pressure levels.

Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is a heart condition caused when the major blood vessels that supply the heart with blood, oxygen, and nutrients become damaged or diseased. It's primarily caused by plaque buildup that narrows or blocks the coronary arteries. 

CAD may cause symptoms like: 

  • Chest pain (angina)
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue
  • Heart palpitations

Risk factors include high cholesterol, hypertension, smoking, diabetes, and family history of heart disease. 

At Grand Forks Clinic, treatment for CAD may involve lifestyle changes, medications, and potential procedures such as angioplasty and stent placement or coronary artery bypass surgery.

Congestive Heart Failure

Congestive heart failure is a chronic condition where the heart doesn't pump blood as efficiently as it should. It doesn't mean the heart has stopped working, but it's struggling to meet the body's needs. 

Symptoms of heart failure include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue
  • Swollen legs
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Persistent cough or wheezing

It can be caused by conditions that damage the heart, such as coronary artery disease and hypertension. 

Grand Forks Clinic provides a holistic approach to treating congestive heart failure, including lifestyle changes and medications. In some cases, devices like pacemakers or procedures such as a heart transplant may be needed.


Arrhythmia is a medical condition characterized by unusual or abnormal heart rhythms. These irregularities can disrupt the heart's ability to pump blood efficiently, leading to various health complications.

The causes of arrhythmia can be quite diverse, ranging from lifestyle factors, such as stress and caffeine consumption, to serious health conditions like heart disease or diabetes. Symptoms often include palpitations, dizziness, and shortness of breath, but some people may not experience any symptoms at all.

At Grand Forks Clinic, we utilize a single-use monitoring system called the Zio patch to diagnose both arrhythmia and heart palpitations in patients. It is an easy-to-use diagnostic tool that we can apply in the office and use to gather information about your heart. We then interpret the results. 

At Grand Forks Clinic, we offer a variety of treatment options for arrhythmia. 

These include:

  • Medications to control heart rate or rhythm
  • Lifestyle changes to reduce triggers

We also coordinate your care with specialized cardiologists across the region, ensuring you get the quality care you need. 

Valve Disease

Valve disease denotes a malfunction in one or more of the heart's valves, which can restrict blood flow and put additional strain on the heart.

Valve disease can be caused by heart conditions, infections, and age-related changes. Symptoms include fatigue, shortness of breath, swelling in the ankles or feet, and irregular heartbeat.

At Grand Forks Clinic, the treatment for valve disease may involve:

  • Medication to relieve symptoms and halt the progression of the disease
  • Lifestyle adjustments like dietary changes and regular exercise

We coordinate your care with cardiothoracic surgical teams across the region if you need surgical solutions. 

Congenital Heart Disease

Congenital Heart Disease is a term used to describe a group of different heart abnormalities that are present in a child at birth. These are structural defects that disrupt the normal flow of blood through the heart, affecting its overall functionality. 

The defects can involve the heart walls, heart valves, and blood vessels. Congenital heart disease is often caused by genetic or chromosomal abnormalities that affect the heart's development.

The symptoms of congenital heart disease can vary widely depending on the specific type and severity of the condition. Some children might show no signs at all, while others may experience symptoms such as:

  • Fatigue
  • Bluish skin
  • Rapid breathing
  • Poor weight gain
  • Frequent lung infections

At Grand Forks Clinic, we provide a range of treatment options for congenital heart disease. Our approach is tailored to the unique needs of each patient and may include medication to help the heart work more efficiently, catheterization techniques to repair heart defects and surgical procedures. 

In severe cases, we may recommend a heart transplant.

Aortic Aneurysm

An Aortic Aneurysm is a bulge or enlargement in the aorta, the main artery in the body that delivers oxygenated blood from the heart to the rest of the body. This condition can cause the aorta to rupture or tear, leading to serious complications and even death if not treated promptly.

The exact cause of aortic aneurysms is unknown, but they are often linked to high blood pressure, smoking, high cholesterol, and genetic factors. 

Symptoms may not be noticeable until the aneurysm grows large or ruptures. However, some people may experience symptoms like:

  • Chest or abdominal pain
  • Back pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Coughing

At Grand Forks Clinic, we offer a range of treatment options for aortic aneurysms. The choice of treatment depends on the size and location of the aneurysm, as well as the patient's overall health. Treatment options may include medication to lower blood pressure and slow the growth of the aneurysm, endovascular repair, or open surgical repair.

Heart Disease Treatment at Grand Forks Clinic

We strongly encourage everyone to make heart health a priority. Regular medical check-ups and awareness of personal risk factors can go a long way in preventing heart disease. 

If you or a loved one have any symptoms or risks associated with any form of heart disease, do not hesitate to seek medical advice. Remember, early detection can make all the difference, and at Grand Forks Clinic, we are here to help you every step of the way.

To schedule a consultation with one of our skilled practitioners, please call us at (701) 775-5800 or request an appointment online. 

Grand Forks Clinic
5750 S Washington St
Grand Forks, ND 58201

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